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Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

A brief Biography of Prophet Muhammad PBUH

Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is the last and final Messenger revealed to humanity. He PBUH was born in the holy city of Makkah in 570 AD in the Islamic month of Rabi ul Awwal. Descendent of Prophet, Isma’eel AS, who is most known for His story which relates to Qurbani – There are roughly 2,670 years between the two Prophets.

Prophet Muhammad’s PBUH father, Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib, died before His birth. He PBUH was sent to live with a milk mother in the desert as a baby, as was the tradition at the time, where he was nursed by Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb of the Banu Sa’ad tribe. He PBUH was later reunited with his mother, Aminah bint Wahb, at the age of six, but she would die just a year later in 577 AD. Abd al-Muttalib, the Prophet’s PBUH paternal grandfather took in the young Prophet Muhammad PBUH and He was then later taken in by his paternal uncle, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib.

Both in Makkah and Madinah, Prophet Muhammad PBUH earned a reputation for someone who was honest and could be trusted, especially by the Jewish population of Madinah, and he was highly respected by everyone. Thus, he was given the name ‘The Trustworthy’.

At aged 25, the Prophet PBUH was proposed to by Sayyidah Khadijah RA, aged 40 at the time, and accepted her hand in marriage. She would be the Prophet’s PBUH only wife for 25 years before her death in 619 AD, the same year as Prophet Muhammad’s PBUH uncle died – this was known as the year of sorrows.

It was in 610 AD when the Angel Jibra’eel AS appeared to the Prophet PBUH in the Cave of Hira and shared the first revelations of the Qur’an. It was at this point that Prophet Muhammad PBUH became known as a Prophet of Allah SWT and began to gather followers in secret in Makkah. He would begin spreading the message of Islam publicly three years later in 613 AD.

The Lineage of Prophet Muhammad PBUH

Prophet Muhammad PBUH, the son of Abdullah, the son of Abd ul-Muttalib, the son of Hashim, the son of Abd Manaaf, the son of Qusayy, the son of Kilaab, the son of Murrah, the son of Ka'ab, the son of Lu'ayy, the son of Ghaalib, the son of Fihr, the son of Maalik, the son of al-Nadr, the son of Kinaanah, the son of Khuzaymah, the son of Mudrikah, the son of Ilyaas, the son of Mudar, the son of Nizaar, the son of Ma'add, the son of Adnaan, who is from the descendants of Prophet Isma'eel AS.


Sayyidunah Ali ibn Abi Talib’s RA Description of the Prophet

[Imam at-Tirmidhi’s ash-Shama’il al-Muhammadiyyah]

He was neither excessively tall, nor short, but rather was of a medium stature among (his) people. His hair was neither extremely curly nor straight, but rather it was wavy and flowing. He was neither corpulent nor was his face completely circular, but it was slightly rounded. (His complexion) was fair with some redness. His eyes were very black, his eyelashes were long. His joints were large and his shoulders broad. He was smooth-skinned; a thin line of hair ran from his chest to his navel. His hands and feet were full-fleshed and sturdy. He walked with vigour, as though descending from a height…


…When he turned to look (at someone or something), he would turn with his whole person. Between his shoulders was the Seal of Prophethood, and he is the Seal of the Prophets. His heart was the soundest and most generous of hearts. His speech is the most truthful of speech. He was the gentlest of people and the kindest of them in companionship. Whoever saw him unexpectedly would be awe-stricken. Whoever came to know him would love him. Whoever described him would say, “I saw neither before him nor after him anyone like him.”

Learn more about the sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH

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